An Analysis of the Work of Mulana Ubaid Ullah Sindhi
Keywords:Ubaidullah Sindhi, Pan Islamism, Deoband School of Thought, Buta Sing Uppal, Silk Letter Movement, Socialism
Ubaidullah was born on 10 March 1872 in Uppal Khatri family in the district of Sialkot. His father passed away four months before the birth of Ubaidullah. His grandfather took the responsibility of his look after that took very long time. After the grandfather’s passing away, he was taken by his mother at his maternal grandfather’s home. Buta Singh Uppal converted to Islam at the age of 15years and chose "Ubaidullah Sindhi" as his new name. Later he was admitted in Darul Uloom Deoband, where he was related with other noted Islamic researchers of the time. Maulana Sindhi got back to the Darul Uloom Deoband in 1909 and step by step elaborated himself in the Pan-Islamic movement. During World War I, he was among the heads of the Deoband School. Ubaidullah had arrived at Kabul during the battle to energize the Afghan Amir Habibullah Khan. He joined the Provisional Government of India shaped in Kabul in December 1915 and stayed in Afghanistan until the end of World War I and afterward left for Russia. He spent two years in Turkey and afterward arrived at Hijaz (Saudi Arabia) where he went through around 14 years learning and considering over the way of thinking of Islam particularly in the light of Shah Waliullah Dehlawi's. In his initial profession he was a Pan-Islamic scholar. Nonetheless, after his investigations of Shah Waliullah's works, Ubaidullah Sindhi arose as non-Pan-Islamic thinker. Ubaidullah Sindhi was an extraordinary political dissident of India. The main objectives of this study are to examine the early life and education of Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi, to study his concept of pan Islamism and to analyze his work and philosophy.