Journal of Global Peace and Security Studies (JGPSS) 2023-11-30T13:56:35+00:00 Dr. Sheharyar Khan Open Journal Systems <p>The Journal of Global Peace and Security Studies (JGPSS) is a peer-reviewed biannual journal that publishes innovative research articles on peace and security studies. JGPSS addresses theoretical and practical questions posed by the fast-changing world by focusing on emerging trends and counter-trends in peace and security studies.</p> The Afghan Taliban’s Advocacy: An Antecedent for Pakistan’s Ontological Security 2023-09-07T09:53:30+00:00 Anees Wadud <p>Pakistan commenced the Afghan Taliban’s advocacy when they controlled the throne of Kabul in 1996. Likewise, when Taliban 2.0 took over Kabul, Pakistan resumed its advocacy at different international forums. From the very outset, Afghanistan and Pashtun nationalists have threatened Pakistan’s ontological security. However, with the help of the Taliban’s advocacy, Pakistan preserves its ontological security. The extant literature has covered all the causes of Pakistan’s advocacy of the Taliban except one, which will be covered in this study. This research will elucidate that Pakistan advocates for the Taliban primarily to protect its ontological security through the lens of ontological security theory. Further, this scholarship seeks to analyze what ontological security means in the milieu of Pakistan. How did Pashtun nationalists’ movements threaten Pakistan’s ontological security? Why is it crucial for Pakistan to secure itself from ontological security threats? Data has been collected for this study from primary and secondary sources, including articles, journals, books, Twitter accounts, and speeches. Moreover, Afghanistan and Pashtun nationalist movements, i.e., the Red Shirts Movement (RSM) and Pashtun Tahaffuz (protection) Movement (PTM), have persistently posed threats to Pakistan’s ontological security by inciting Pashtun nationalism. Therefore, Pakistan promotes Islamic nationalism and advocates for the Afghan Taliban, who prefer Islam vis-à-vis Pashtun identity, to tackle such threats and safeguard its ontological security.</p> 2023-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Anees Wadud Kashmir Conflict Beyond Meta Narratives: 2023-09-07T15:32:45+00:00 Uzma Munshi Dr. Muhammad Khan <p>This study focuses on the socio-psychological implications of Indian firing in the Poonch district of Azad Jammu &amp; Kashmir, aiming to move beyond the commonly held Meta narratives surrounding the Kashmir conflict. The Kashmir conflict has been predominantly analyzed through political and historical lenses, often overlooking the complex and deeply rooted socio-psychological consequences on affected populations. By delving into this aspect, this study aims to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the multifaceted nature of the conflict. The research employs Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis approach, drawing on interviews and focus group discussions to explore the lived experiences and psychological effects on individuals and communities affected by Indian firing. The data collected has been analyzed using thematic analysis, allowing for the identification of recurring patterns, emerging themes, and discourses. &nbsp;The study finds out that the Indian firing in the Poonch district has far-reaching impacts on individuals, families, and communities, leading to trauma, fear, and displacement. By highlighting these socio-psychological implications, this study seeks to shed light on the subjective experiences of those directly impacted by the firing. In conclusion, this study aims to contribute to the existing literature on the Kashmir conflict by extending the analysis beyond conventional Meta narratives. By exploring the socio-psychological implications of Indian firing in the Poonch district, it seeks to provide a deeper understanding of the multifaceted nature of the conflict and pave the way for more comprehensive approaches to address the human dimensions of the Kashmir conflict.&nbsp;</p> 2023-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Uzma Munshi, Dr. Muhammad Khan Climate Change: A Non-traditional Threat to Human Security 2023-09-18T15:57:38+00:00 Saleem Azam <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>Climate change is considered a non-traditional<strong> </strong>threat to the global community, and it has a negative impact on human psychology and future generations. This idea has attracted global attention as a real existing threat, and they must contribute to solving the problem on a practical basis. Some industrial states took it as a theoretical problem and did not pay attention to greenhouse gases and global warming. In this research, the author has focused the discussion on a few questions, such as: What is the cause of global warming? Is global warming due to human activities? How much does it cost to resolve the problem? What measures must be taken to stop global warming? Studies have shown that man-made activities are the main enhancers of global warming. The immediate cause of global warming is the smoke from industries, vehicles, aircraft, and different explosive tests and experiments. Earth is a unique and dynamic planet capable of inhabiting and facilitating life forms. In the universe, only the planet Earth sustains water and oxygen for the metabolic activities of the organisms. Climate change is a real threat to the global community, and it must be resolved by proper planning and by implementing policies. Now, if we want to reduce the severe impacts of climate change, This study suggests reducing global carbon emissions. The international community must take swift, judicious, and pragmatic actions to decarbonize the global world. Global society must shift from carbon fuel to renewable or inexhaustible<strong> </strong>energy resources like wind and cosmos energy; electrify motors; and optimize energy efficiency in construction, machines, and industries. Grow more trees to purify nature and get fresh oxygen for lifelong activities.</p> 2023-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 saleem Azam Strategic Culture of Pakistan 2023-09-02T13:29:47+00:00 Shoaib Awan Mohaimen Nawab Nawab Marriyum Zafar Zafar <p>This article offers a detailed exploration of Pakistan's evolving strategic culture, spanning from its birth in 1947 to the present day. It scrutinizes the intricate factors that mold Pakistan's strategic mindset, encompassing historical legacies, geographical positioning, and leadership dynamics. Particular emphasis is placed on the lasting impact of the Kashmir conflict and its strained relations with India on Pakistan's strategic orientation. The article underscores the central role played by the military establishment in safeguarding Pakistan's strategic culture, especially within the realm of nuclear deterrence. It delves into how the acquisition of nuclear capabilities has profoundly influenced Pakistan's national security approach, resulting in a policy of deliberate ambiguity regarding the potential use of these weapons. Additionally, the article highlights the role of Islamic fundamentalism in shaping Pakistan's strategic culture, emphasizing the significance of defending Islamic principles and national sovereignty. It further examines how historical grievances and the persistent rivalry with India continue to shape Pakistan's strategic decision-making. In conclusion, this study presents an exhaustive analysis of Pakistan's contemporary strategic culture, shedding light on the core elements that define its national security strategies. It underscores the necessity of comprehending these intricate dynamics for policymakers and scholars seeking a deeper understanding of Pakistan's role in the ever-evolving global geopolitical landscape.</p> 2023-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Shoaib Awan, Mohaimen Nawab Nawab, Marriyum Zafar Zafar Digital Empowerment: Advancing Women's Economic Status in Developing Countries 2023-09-03T10:35:04+00:00 Marriyum Zafar Mughal Awan Shoaib Ahmad Awan <p>The research explores the evolution of women's digital empowerment in underdeveloped regions. It explores how the use of digital technologies can improve women's participation in work. This article analyzes various aspects of this support, including access to digital skills, opportunities in STEM careers, technology leadership, and bridging the gender gap. Reviewing research articles and initiatives aimed at digital empowerment, this study highlights the important role of digital empowerment in promoting gender equality and economic development in developing countries. In conclusion, this research paper proposes a comprehensive set of strategic recommendations to harness the potential of digital empowerment for advancing women's economic well-being in developing countries. These recommendations encompass enhancing digital skills, ensuring online safety and privacy, promoting gender equality, providing affordable access to digital technologies, addressing time constraints linked to household responsibilities, fostering entrepreneurship, and nurturing collaborative partnerships. Collectively, these measures aim to create a supportive environment where women can fully engage with and benefit from digital technologies. In doing so, they contribute not only to economic growth but also to the broader goal of sustainable development. Thus, this paper calls for a concerted and coordinated effort involving governments, businesses, civil society, and international organizations to empower women through digital technologies. Bridging the digital gender divide is not just a matter of economic importance; it represents a fundamental step toward a more promising and prosperous future for all.</p> 2023-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Marriyum Zafar Mughal Awan, Shoaib Ahmad Awan