Journal of Global Peace and Security Studies (JGPSS) 2023-08-28T22:59:14+00:00 Dr. Sheharyar Khan Open Journal Systems <p>The Journal of Global Peace and Security Studies (JGPSS) is a peer-reviewed biannual journal that publishes innovative research articles on peace and security studies. JGPSS addresses theoretical and practical questions posed by the fast-changing world by focusing on emerging trends and counter-trends in peace and security studies.</p> Pakistan's Cyber Arsenal: Acquisition Risks and Tech Transfer Reliance 2023-06-26T15:34:50+00:00 Babar Khan Hammaad Salik Rao Ibrahim <p><em>As the world becomes increasingly militarized in cyberspace with the proliferation of offensive cyber capabilities, nation-states are struggling to build up their operational cyber capacity and establish a military cyber force in the form of an organized cyber command. This article discusses the challenges of balancing the imperative of cyber offense with that of cyber defense and the complexities of the cyber domain, including the difficulties of cyber deterrence, escalation, norms, and arms control. The text explicitly examines Pakistan's challenges in developing its military cyber capabilities, highlighting the potential drawbacks of acquiring or relying on technology transfer for cyber weaponry. The article argues that nations are more likely to help other nation-states develop their offensive cyber capabilities by providing them with the expertise to find exploits and develop tools as a means of innovation, training, and capacity building. However, advanced cyber powers, such as those involved in the great power competition, would only consider such technology transfer with allied countries in coalitions tightly aligned with their strategic interests.</em></p> 2023-08-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Babar Khan, Dr Hammaad Salik, Rao Ibrahim Zahid South China Sea Militarization: Analyzing Chinese and US Interests 2023-08-24T09:24:05+00:00 Shoaib Awan Mohaimen Nawab <p>The involvement of many claimant states in the South China Sea has made it a complex dispute and raised concerns about national security, freedom of navigation, and natural resources in the region. The strategic location of the region is one of the key factors due to which the dispute is going on among internal as well as external powers, especially the United States. The constant clashes between China and the US have deteriorated their relations. The US thinks of China as a giant competitor that can challenge the status quo in the region, while China wants to attain control over the South China Sea due to its strategic location. The interests and strategies used by them have taken the region towards militarization.</p> <p> </p> 2023-08-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Shoaib Awan, Mohaimen Nawab Navigating Non-Traditional Security Concerns in Pakistan’s Digital Terrain 2023-08-23T18:20:05+00:00 Zaid Khan <p>Pakistan's online environment is growing at a never-before-seen rate due to an increase in internet users and the swifter expansion of digital infrastructure. The security and stability of Pakistan are now seriously threatened by non-traditional security challenges that have emerged as a result of these changes. This study aims to look at these brand-new online security issues in Pakistan, such as censorship, misinformation, online radicalization, and cybercrime. It provides an overview of the present situation and investigates the causes, consequences, and solutions to these issues. The report discusses the legislative and regulatory framework for resolving these problems as well as recommendations for improving Pakistan's cyber security &nbsp;and safeguarding its digital environment.&nbsp; The results of this study will help in developing policies and strategies for dealing with non-traditional security concerns in Pakistan's internet environment.</p> 2023-08-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Zaid Khan Shifting Dynamics: The US and the Emerging Multipolarity 2023-08-28T06:06:15+00:00 Waqar U Nisa <p>As the end of the short-lived dream of the unipolar world harbingers the rise of a multi-polar world, the US loses its capability to shape global affairs unilaterally. The emergence of China as a peer competitor, the resurgence of Russia, and other economic powers such as India, Brazil, and Indonesia bring with them challenges for the US hegemonic role. However, there are still many advantages and opportunities for the US to maintain its dominant position in several sectors of world politics. The paper examines the opportunities and challenges for the US's dominant position in a multipolar world.</p> 2023-08-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Waqar U Nisa The Impact of China's Maritime Expansion on Regional Security 2023-08-28T09:53:55+00:00 Abdul Rauf <p>China's maritime expansion in the South China Sea has sparked worries about regional security and potential conflict among states sharing maritime boundaries. This research paper investigates China's maritime expansion and its effects on regional security, focusing on its economic and strategic motivations and Indo-Pacific international relations. The article opens with an introduction that offers historical context for China's maritime expansion and the economic and strategic actions motivating these actions. The research topic focuses on understanding why China is pursuing maritime expansion, the impact on the maritime environment, and the implications for international relations in the region. The theory contends that China's maritime expansion is a result of economic and geopolitical interests and has significant ramifications for regional stability and security. A literature study synthesizes current research on the historical, economic, and strategic factors driving China's maritime expansion, the potential implications for power, and the responses of regional and global powers to China's expansion. The analysis and findings section covers China's maritime expansion motivations, potential destabilizing implications for regional security, and regional and global responses. The study finishes by emphasizing the importance of understanding China's maritime expansion's economic and geopolitical interests and its potential effects on Indo-Pacific regional security and international relations. The research emphasizes the necessity for regional and global cooperation to address the challenges posed by China's actions in the South China Sea and to maintain stability and security in the region.<br><br></p> 2023-08-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Abdul Rauf