Journal of Global Peace and Security Studies (JGPSS) 2024-05-15T09:15:15+00:00 Dr. Sheharyar Khan Open Journal Systems <p>The Journal of Global Peace and Security Studies (JGPSS) is a peer-reviewed biannual journal that publishes innovative research articles on peace and security studies. JGPSS addresses theoretical and practical questions posed by the fast-changing world by focusing on emerging trends and counter-trends in peace and security studies.</p> A Comparative Analysis of Clausewitz and Liddle Hart’s Military Theories and their Applicability in Modern Warfare: 2024-02-21T04:21:20+00:00 Punsara Amarasinghe <p>The celebrated idea of Prussian war strategist Clausewitz regarding conventional warfare played a dominant role up to the First World War in the West. In his seminal work "On War," Clausewitz posits, "If you want to overcome your enemy, you must match your efforts against the power of resistance.". In a way, his idea was akin to annihilating the enemy's army in major battles. However, this idea was challenged by British military strategist Captain Basil Liddle Hart in his book titled "The Strategy" by proposing a different military theory called the "Indirect Approach.". The objective of this paper is to make a comparative analysis between Clausewitz and Liddle Hart regarding the utility of their military theories in modern warfare. While taking a methodology based on a comparative analysis of the utility of the two doctrines, this paper explores the effectiveness of those military strategies against the current asymmetries in modern warfare. In order to buttress the reliability of this research, examples from the Ukrainian war and the Sri Lankan civil war between 1990-2009 will be examined. The main objectivity of this paper lies in creating a novel discussion on the merits and demerits of Clausewitz and Captain Basil Liddle Hart’s theories of war in contemporary warfare. The results emerging from this research will demonstrate the relevance of re-reading both Clausewitz and Liddle Hart in an era where the orthodox idea of warfare is at stake. </p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Punsara Amarasinghe Radicalization and Prevention: A Case Study of Youth in Quetta 2024-02-17T10:51:42+00:00 Dilawar Khan Najeeba Syed <p>This study examines the radicalization of youth in Quetta and proposes preventive strategies. The research study is based on a context-specific area, Quetta, which is a multi-ethnic region comprising different communities and groups. This paper argues that young people are inclined towards radical ideologies due to a multitude of factors, including a lack of education, scarce employment opportunities, and an unequal distribution of resources. It investigates various factors influencing youth radicalization, such as identity perceptions, education, emerging tendencies, viewpoints on violence, government preferences, and gender equality perceptions. The research employing purposive data sampling, and diverse data collection techniques, such as surveys, focus groups, and interviews, aims to provide a scientific and comprehensive understanding of radicalization trends among young people in Quetta. Moreover, Social Identity Theory is applied to the analysis of the collected data, which suggests that youth join radical groups for identity and a sense of belonging. Such an understanding enables us to recognize the crucial role of youth in shaping a prosperous and dynamic society. The findings will contribute to the existing knowledge on this specific topic, which is useful for decision makers to devise informed and contextualized decisions regarding deradicalization and youth. The study advocates for engaging young people as "youth leaders" in peace-building and social harmony, aiming to foster just communities.</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Dilawar Khan, Najeeba Syed Youth Vulnerabilities to Radical Ideologies and Deradicalization in Quetta 2024-02-25T17:49:27+00:00 Najeeba Syed Dilawar Khan <p>The radicalization of youth presents a pressing global concern, impacting societal cohesion and safety. Understanding the nuanced factors driving this phenomenon is paramount for effective counteraction. Employing a mixed-method approach, this study delves into the intricate dynamics of youth radicalization in Quetta. Existing research often offers generalized insights into youth radicalization in Pakistan, lacking regional specificity. Acknowledging the diverse nature of radicalization, this study explores the particular vulnerabilities linked to youth radicalization. Through thorough data collection and analysis, the research illuminates the underlying drivers of radicalization among young individuals. Results underscore the pivotal role of democratic deficits, wherein limited avenues for self-expression and civic engagement serve as significant catalysts. The study furnishes actionable insights for policymakers and stakeholders to formulate targeted interventions. It advocates for a multifaceted strategy, encompassing preventive programs, critical thinking promotion, and democratic values cultivation. Social welfare initiatives, parental guidance, and institutional backing are pivotal in bridging the disconnect between youth and societal structures. Additionally, the study underscores the significance of initiatives such as youth facilitation centers, dedicated local government seats, student union restoration, and support mechanisms like interest-free loans and scholarships for young entrepreneurs. These recommendations aspire to comprehensively address the multifaceted challenges posed by youth radicalization, fostering a more inclusive and resilient society.</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Najeeba Syed, Dilawar Khan From Marginalization to Militancy: Understanding Insurgency in Baluchistan 2023-09-08T18:55:15+00:00 Mubashir Ali <p>Baluchistan's historical grievances stem from British rule and the formation of Pakistan, exacerbated by its strategic location and resource wealth. Despite covering a significant portion of Pakistan's landmass, Baluchistan remains politically and economically marginalized. The insurgency, fueled by aspirations for an independent Baluchistan, has persisted for decades, with recent escalations following the American withdrawal from Afghanistan. This study explores the historical context, motivations, and evolving tactics of Baluch militants, highlighting the region's tribal society, poverty, and limited development. As Baluchistan faces renewed challenges, understanding its complexities is crucial for addressing the ongoing insurgency and fostering stability in Pakistan's western border region.</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Mubashir Ali Rethinking IPE in the Age of Geopolitics 2024-03-21T09:37:50+00:00 Saleem Azam M. Munir Faheem Khan <p>The 21<sup>st</sup> century is a revolutionary century because of sophisticated technology, high-tech weapons, modern tactics used in terrorism in the 9/11 incident, industrialization, global warming, economic rivalry, and political upheavals. Technology and different philosophies have brought astonishing changes to the global political system. Therefore, it is very important to understand the International Political Economy (IPE), and the contemporary changes in the global economy and politics. It will also help to understand the effects of the illicit economy, and political uprisings in the Middle East and other regions. There is a correlation between IPE and politics. IPE is affecting politics,, and politics is impacting IPE. The economy plays a pivotal role in power politics, economic rivalry, inventions, industry, and trade. Today, the WTO and EU rules and policies benefit the developed rather than the developing nations. The research gap is that today's economic system is based on liberalization, equality, free trade, and prosperity, but it is missing in the world. Economic interdependence, globalization, nearness, and WTO and EU rules could not resolve the traditional &amp; nontraditional security threats. There is a need to bring reform to the present economic system. The political upheavals affect IPE, and IPE causes political anomalies.</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Saleem Azam, Dr. M.Munir, Dr.Faheem Khan Blood and Oil Mohammed bin Salman's Ruthless Quest for Global Power 2024-01-17T13:41:02+00:00 Syed Shah Hussain <p>Blood and Oil Mohammed bin Salman's Ruthless Quest for Global Power by Bradley Hope and Justin Scheck makes a substantial contribution to our knowledge of Middle Eastern geopolitics today. The story by Bradley Hope and Justin Scheck deftly handles the complex power dynamics, interpersonal relationships, and worldwide ramifications of MBS's leadership. For readers who are interested in the intricacies of Saudi Arabia, oil politics, or the changing nature of power in the twenty-first century, the book is an extensive and easily readable resource.</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Syed Shah Hussain