Journal of Global Peace and Security Studies (JGPSS) https://journals.pakistanreview.com/index.php/JGPSS <p>Journal of Global Peace and Security Studies (JGPSS) is a peer-reviewed biannual journal that publishes innovative research articles on peace and security studies. JGPSS addresses theoretical and practical questions posed by the fast-changing world by focusing on the emerging trends and counter-trends in peace and security studies.</p> en-US sher.tr@gmail.com (Dr. Sheharyar Khan) sher.tr@gmail.com (Sheharyar Khan) Sat, 01 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.12 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 An Analysis of the Work of Mulana Ubaid Ullah Sindhi https://journals.pakistanreview.com/index.php/JGPSS/article/view/87 <p>Ubaidullah was born on 10 March 1872 in Uppal Khatri family in the district of Sialkot. His father passed away four months before the birth of Ubaidullah. His grandfather took the responsibility of his look after that took very long time. After the grandfather’s passing away, he was taken by his mother at his maternal grandfather’s home. Buta Singh Uppal converted to Islam at the age of 15years and chose "Ubaidullah Sindhi" as his new name. Later he was admitted in Darul Uloom Deoband, where he was related with other noted Islamic researchers of the time. Maulana Sindhi got back to the Darul Uloom Deoband in 1909 and step by step elaborated himself in the Pan-Islamic movement. During World War I, he was among the heads of the Deoband School. Ubaidullah had arrived at Kabul during the battle to energize the Afghan Amir Habibullah Khan. He joined the Provisional Government of India shaped in Kabul in December 1915 and stayed in Afghanistan until the end of World War I and afterward left for Russia. He spent two years in Turkey and afterward arrived at Hijaz (Saudi Arabia) where he went through around 14 years learning and considering over the way of thinking of Islam particularly in the light of Shah Waliullah Dehlawi's. In his initial profession he was a Pan-Islamic scholar. Nonetheless, after his investigations of Shah Waliullah's works, Ubaidullah Sindhi arose as non-Pan-Islamic thinker. Ubaidullah Sindhi was an extraordinary political dissident of India. The main objectives of this study are to examine the early life and education of Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi, to study his concept of pan Islamism &nbsp;and to analyze his work and philosophy.</p> Jamal Shah, Ali Haidar, Faiz ur Rahman Copyright (c) 2022 Jamal Shah, Ali Haidar, Faiz ur Rahman https://journals.pakistanreview.com/index.php/JGPSS/article/view/87 Mon, 05 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of Military Modernization in Nation Building https://journals.pakistanreview.com/index.php/JGPSS/article/view/127 <p><em>The primary role of military is to secure/preserve a state from external military threats. Other than that modern militaries play decisive roles in the nation building. Militaries perform various non-military and civic actions which contribute much in the nation building process along with other institutions of the state. This term of Nation building is mostly used simultaneously with political development, state-building, democratization, modernization, peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction. All of these concepts are different from each other. Different theorist of nation building theory have defined this concept differently in its evolution. This paper would attempt through qualitative research method to clarify what nation-building means today? While reaching the real meaning of nation-building, the next step will be to understand why nation building is important and how can it be done? Later on the focus will be on the actors of nation building, specifically the military’s role will be evaluated. Data is collected through secondary sources (books, journal articles, public documents, newspapers). Tertiary data regarding the study is collected through relevant web pages. There are arguments in favor and against of the military’s this function; “nation building”. Militaries have demonstrated and performed extremely well in this sphere all around the world. Besides peacemaking, peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction, they have worked and contributed in prevailing basic human rights, building infrastructure, economic aid, political development, and much more.</em></p> Waheed Ur Rehman, Dr. Jahanzeb Khan Copyright (c) 2022 Waheed Ur Rehman, Dr. Jahanzeb Khan https://journals.pakistanreview.com/index.php/JGPSS/article/view/127 Mon, 05 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Threats of Nuclear Terrorism in India: A Case Study of Naxalites https://journals.pakistanreview.com/index.php/JGPSS/article/view/120 <p><em>The threat of nuclear terrorism is as old as the existence of nuclear weapons on the face of the earth. Nonetheless, this earned popularity in the 1980s when the international community was aware of the attempts made by terrorist organizations to acquire this lethal technology for destructive purposes. As of today, not a single act of nuclear terrorism has been marked. But the motivation and attempts to acquire one of the radioactive materials are on the board. Out of all these efforts made by terrorists or individuals, there is a significant portion of illicit activities which happened in India. Being one of the largest states in the region, India seems more vulnerable to the threats of nuclear terrorism as compared to any other nuclear-weapon state. It is because of the threats and challenges posed by the separatists or terrorist organizations prevalent in India. The presence of Nuclear facilities in areas inhibiting separatists and terrorist movements is not only alarming for India but the whole world. In this context, this research would look into the threats of nuclear terrorism posed by the Naxalites in India.</em></p> Muhammad Jawad Hashmi, Dr. Ashfaq Ahmed Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Jawad Hashmi, Dr. Ashfaq Ahmed https://journals.pakistanreview.com/index.php/JGPSS/article/view/120 Fri, 05 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Vietcong Insurgency: Why was it Successful? https://journals.pakistanreview.com/index.php/JGPSS/article/view/128 <p><em>The paper investigates into Vietcong's successful resistance against French and American forces in light of the Vietnamese dreams of self-determination fostered due to the suppression of external powers. The Atlantic Charter and the termination of WWII were taken as an end to centuries-long humiliation but the decline of French withdrawal once again took away the realization of self-determination.&nbsp;&nbsp; The American military involvement following the French defeat at Dien Bien Phu repulsed pro-American feelings in Hu chin Min. The article discusses how American misunderstanding of Vietnam, not only channelized anti-imperial sentiments toward America but also pushed nationalist Vietnamese into the communist bloc. &nbsp;The article elaborates on the role of Vietnam's history of deprivation and grouping up of variegated ideologies- anti-imperial, Nationalist, communism- against the American occupation of Vietnam.&nbsp; </em></p> Imran Khan Copyright (c) 2022 Imran Khan https://journals.pakistanreview.com/index.php/JGPSS/article/view/128 Mon, 05 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Reviving Economic Cooperation Organisation (ECO) for Regional Connectivity https://journals.pakistanreview.com/index.php/JGPSS/article/view/137 <p><em>The spectacular success of the European Union in terms of regional connectivity and prosperity ushered the world into an era of regional economic cooperation. The following decades witnessed a mushroom growth of the regional organisation across the globe. In the same wave of regionalism, RCD was established with the high aim of unveiling the marvellous potential of Pakistan, Iran and Turkey for economic growth backed by regional connectivity, untapped resources, geostrategic location and close historical, cultural and ideological ties. After the end of the cold war, RCD was expanded and renamed ECO. Despite the presence of almost every necessary ingredient required for regional economic development and connectivity, ECO has remained a sorry tale of underachievements and let-downs. This paper traces the roots of the evolution of ECO and provides an in-depth analysis of multiple challenges and obstacles that ECO has been facing. It also investigates the potential for its revival and carries policy recommendations for making it an effective tool of regional cooperation and achieving peace and prosperity for the member states.</em></p> Ameer Abdullah Khan , Ameer Osama Khan Copyright (c) 2022 Ameer Abdullah Khan , Ameer Osama Khan https://journals.pakistanreview.com/index.php/JGPSS/article/view/137 Mon, 05 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000