Strategic Culture of Pakistan


  • Shoaib Awan Iqra University
  • Mohaimen Nawab Nawab Iqra University Islamabad
  • Marriyum Zafar Zafar Iqra University Islamabad


Pakistan’s Strategic culture, historical legacies, strategic orientation, nuclear deterrence, Islamic fundamentalism, national sovereignty and geopolitical landscapes.


This article offers a detailed exploration of Pakistan's evolving strategic culture, spanning from its birth in 1947 to the present day. It scrutinizes the intricate factors that mold Pakistan's strategic mindset, encompassing historical legacies, geographical positioning, and leadership dynamics. Particular emphasis is placed on the lasting impact of the Kashmir conflict and its strained relations with India on Pakistan's strategic orientation. The article underscores the central role played by the military establishment in safeguarding Pakistan's strategic culture, especially within the realm of nuclear deterrence. It delves into how the acquisition of nuclear capabilities has profoundly influenced Pakistan's national security approach, resulting in a policy of deliberate ambiguity regarding the potential use of these weapons. Additionally, the article highlights the role of Islamic fundamentalism in shaping Pakistan's strategic culture, emphasizing the significance of defending Islamic principles and national sovereignty. It further examines how historical grievances and the persistent rivalry with India continue to shape Pakistan's strategic decision-making. In conclusion, this study presents an exhaustive analysis of Pakistan's contemporary strategic culture, shedding light on the core elements that define its national security strategies. It underscores the necessity of comprehending these intricate dynamics for policymakers and scholars seeking a deeper understanding of Pakistan's role in the ever-evolving global geopolitical landscape.




How to Cite

Awan, S., Nawab, M. N., & Zafar, M. Z. (2023). Strategic Culture of Pakistan. Journal of Global Peace and Security Studies (JGPSS), 4(2). Retrieved from