Impact of Financial Instability on the Promotion of Field Hockey of Pakistan


  • Dr. Saeed Javed The Islamia University of Bahawalpur
  • Dr. Abida Naseer Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad
  • Waheed Javed Government Postgraduate College Burewala


Promotion, Field Hockey, Financial Instability, Players, Pakistan


The main purpose of this present research was to determine the impact of financial instability on promotion of field hockey. The research methodology was based on quantitative research approach. The present study was consisted on the cross-sectional research design. The population of the study was institutional players of field hockey of South Punjab. Self-administered questionnaire was employed to collect the survey data. A total number of 200 questionnaires were distributed among hockey players of diverse clubs, schools, colleges, and universities of Bahawalpur. Descriptive statistics (percentage, frequency, and standard deviation), Pearson’s correlation analysis and regression analysis were utilized to analyze the collected survey data. Collected data was statistically edited in SPPS v-XXVI. Results of correlation coefficient revealed positive and highly significant (0.01) relationship between financial instability and the promotion of field hockey. Findings of the present study indicated that independent construct (financial instability) had positive and significant impact on the dependent variable (promotion of field hockey). It was concluded that field hockey needs to develop at grass root level to enrich the hockey institutions financially and government should take appropriate steps to uplift and revive the past glories of the national sport of Pakistan.




How to Cite

Javed, D. S., Naseer, D. A., & Javed, W. (2021). Impact of Financial Instability on the Promotion of Field Hockey of Pakistan. Pakistan Review of Social Sciences (PRSS), 2(1), 1–10. Retrieved from