Pakistan Review of Social Sciences (PRSS) <p>Pakistan Review of Social Sciences (PRSS) is a <span data-dobid="hdw">biannual</span> peer reviewed journal that publishes book reviews, research articles, thesis/ dissertations, and academic essays. PRSS covers most of Social Sciences disciplines in its publications.</p> en-US <p><strong>Submission declaration</strong></p> <p>Authors have copyright but license exclusive rights in their article to the publisher. Author's submission implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.</p> (Dr. Syed Asad Ali Shah) (Dr. Asad Ali Shah) Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Language Teaching Methods: Comparison Contrast Between Audio-lingual & Direct Methods <p><em>The purpose of this article is to find out differences and similarities between audio-lingual and direct methods. The audio-lingual method is fundamentally a development of direct methods which is considered to have weaknesses, especially in enlightening things that are difficult for students to understand. For this reason, moreover highlighting language teaching through listening. This method is usually applied more in the form of a drill pattern. A Direct method deals with listening and speaking, reading and writing. Also, it concerned with the syntactical structures, grammatical rules and vocabulary. All the methods are effective for teaching English language. Finally, while appreciating these methods, the useful application demands a careful creativity of the language teacher; otherwise the desired result may not be seen. Our study conceptually considers both of these methods, and picks language teacher to enhance a fruitful language teaching and learning. </em></p> Waleed Abdulsalam, Baseer Ahmad Yaad Copyright (c) 2022 Pakistan Review of Social Sciences (PRSS) Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Understanding the Perception of Digital Citizenship and its impact on Cyber Bullying among Pakistani Youth <p>The research paper explores perception of digital citizenship and its association with cyber victimization and cyber perpetuation dimensions of cyber bullying among a sample of 160 Pakistani Youth. Correlation analysis depicts significant negative association of digital citizenship with cyber victimization (r = -.27, p&lt;.05) and the qualitative findings imply that digital citizenship is among one of the main factors helping to reduce cyberbullying and family, peers and educational institutions play a crucial role in the development of digital citizenship. These research findings highlight the importance to promote digital citizenship among Pakistani youth and the dire need to focus on the role of educational institutes and government to take initiatives to promote digital citizenship.</p> Fiza Hussain, Syed Asad Ali Shah Copyright (c) 2022 Pakistan Review of Social Sciences (PRSS) Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of using social media networks on the academic achievement of student in tripoli city <p>This study is conducted to examine the effect of using social media networks on the academic achievement of students in Tripoli city from the view of housewives. It was also to Identifying the positive and negative effects of using social media networks on students' academic achievement, Identifying the main reasons why students using social media networks, and Identifying the most common hours that students use social media networks and try to link them to the nature of use. The study used the descriptive approach and employed the questionnaires to collect the data from 223 housewives in Tripoli city. The researcher used the data analysis software SPSS v.22 for the purpose of coding and analyzing the primary data. Results have shown that using social media from the students can be of a positive and effective impact on academic performance if it was used under the control of housewives. So that network users are not able to access them, and the necessity of rationalization, and the moderate use of the Internet by children and youth in order to achieve specific and clear objectives.</p> Ayman Shuayb, Omar Salem Seed Gebreel Copyright (c) 2022 Pakistan Review of Social Sciences (PRSS) Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Covid-19 Pandemic impact on World Economy <p><em>This study is being conducted when the Corona virus spreads around the world and becomes an economic major crisis in 2020. This study answers certain questions, such as how many countries are affected with corona viruses and decrease their economic activities. What are the most effective international monetary and fiscal measures for dealing with the crisis? Is monetary and fiscal policy employed as a vaccination to keep the global economy from collapsing? It’s a major topic these days, especially with the globe facing Covid-19. </em></p> <p><em>Researchers explain the impact of the Corona virus on the world economy by getting information from Standard &amp; poverty agencies (S&amp;P), Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and from different websites and reports. moreover, researchers obtain information from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In addition, Explain the losses from one industry to another and concluded that the global economy is confronted by dual crises in nature. The deaths of millions of people are on the one hand and the economy crisis on the other. The first problem comprises saving people from death, and the second in saving the universe against economic crises.</em></p> <p><em>But both challenges are inconsistent. If individuals want to preserve lives, a remain at home and a social distance policy are imposed, and the country is shut down. However, we can rescue our citizens living, but the economy collapses fast because all the companies in the country have been shut down. If economic crisis is saved, people are supposed to go out and work as normal, the global economy would boost but soon millions or billions of people are lost who will also have an impact on the economic downturn. Policymakers, doctors and manufacturers of health should work together to identify solutions to benefit both individuals living and saving economic crisis.</em></p> Zunaira Zahoor Copyright (c) 2022 Pakistan Review of Social Sciences (PRSS) Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Effectiveness of Curriculum in Teaching Deaf Student Independent Living Skills: Special Education Teachers Perspective <p>The main purpose of this study was to analyze the current practices of curriculum for independent living skills. 50 teacher’s opinion were taken from different school of Punjab special education department. The results show that the current syllabus is not up the mark to teach independent living skills for hearing impairment so they can get a job and earn easily. Mostly teachers agree that there is need to be focus on their independent living and rehabilitation rather than academics. Government should make a comprehensive plan for their independent living.&nbsp; One of the greatest impediments to independent living for special person in Pakistan is a lack of policy initiative. Deaf people are among the low paid community because of their disabilities. The majority of people with disabilities are hired as low-level employees such as office assistants, errand runners, messengers, computer operators, typists, and vocational teachers in schools for the deaf, or to work in advertising agencies.</p> Rabea Sani, Kunza Aqdas Copyright (c) 2022 Pakistan Review of Social Sciences (PRSS) Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000